Quantification of Low-level GM Seed Presence in Canadian Commercial Flax Stocks

Quantification of Low-level GM Seed Presence in Canadian Commercial Flax Stocks

Helen M. Booker and Eric G. LambUniversity of Saskatchewan, Canada Detection and quantification of the prevalence of genetically modified (GM) organism contamination in seed exports is a critical element of regulatory compliance. While the procedures to reliably detect high levels of GM…

Conflicting Rules for the International Trade of GM Products: Does International Law Provide a Solution?

Conflicting Rules for the International Trade of GM Products: Does International Law Provide a Solution?

William A. Kerr, Stuart Smyth, Peter W.B. Phillips, and Martin PhillipsonUniversity of Saskatchewan, Canada The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties was designed to provide guidance regarding the legality of primacy between international agreements. Article 30 of the Convention states that…

Economic Aspects of Segregation between GM and Non-GM Crops in Italy

Economic Aspects of Segregation between GM and Non-GM Crops in Italy

Alessandro Varacca, Stefano Boccaletti, and Claudio SoregaroliUniversità Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza, Italy This article assesses the food supply chain for non-GM soybean meal, with particular regard to the upstream stages between overseas producers, international trading companies, and their supply to Italian…

Farmers’ Perceptions of Biopharming

Farmers’ Perceptions of Biopharming

Michelle Hayes, Genti Kostandini, Jeffrey L. JordanUniversity of Georgia This article investigates farmers’ perceptions of biopharming in the United States through a survey administered to tobacco farmers from several tobacco growing states. Responses indicate that farmers have very limited knowledge of biopharming…

Horses as Sources of Proprietary Information: Commercialization, Conservation, and Compensation Pursuant to the Convention on Biological Diversity

Horses as Sources of Proprietary Information: Commercialization, Conservation, and Compensation Pursuant to the Convention on Biological Diversity

Haley McClory and Stanley P. KowalskiUniversity of New Hampshire, School of Law, International Technology Transfer Institute (ITTI) Horses indigenous to East and Southeast (E/SE) Asia, including native, landrace, feral, and wild populations, embody valuable genetic diversity. Conservation efforts for animals have largely…

The Economics of Labeling GM Foods

The Economics of Labeling GM Foods

Wallace E. HuffmanIowa State UniversityJill J. McCluskeyWashington State University This article discusses GM food-labeling policy options and evaluates the factors that impact the outcomes that correspond with each option. Costs and benefits associated with each policy option are also examined. These factors…

Choosing Between Increased Means and Reduced Variance: Implications for Genetically Modified Crops

Choosing Between Increased Means and Reduced Variance: Implications for Genetically Modified Crops

Charles B. Moss and Andrew SchmitzUniversity of Florida Plant genetic modifications can affect farm profitability through two pathways—the reduction in risk or variation in production or shifts in the relative productivity of inputs. This analysis examines the potential effect of each of…

Comparison of Sampling Strategies to Evaluate Rate of Transgenic Adventitious Presence in Agricultural Fields

Comparison of Sampling Strategies to Evaluate Rate of Transgenic Adventitious Presence in Agricultural Fields

Rémi BancalINRA, Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) 211 INRA AgroParisTech GrignonArnaud BensadounINRA, Unité de Recherche (UR) 341 Mathématiques et Informatique Appliquées—JouyAntoine MesséanINRA, UR 1240 EcoInnov GrignonHervé MonodINRA, Unité de Recherche (UR) 341 Mathématiques et Informatique Appliquées—JouyDavid MakowskiINRA, UMR 211 INRA AgroParisTech Grignon…

GIMI 2: A Tool for Fast Estimation and Prediction of GMO Maize Contents in Real Coexistence Situations

GIMI 2: A Tool for Fast Estimation and Prediction of GMO Maize Contents in Real Coexistence Situations

Enric MeléInstitute for Food and Agricultural Research and Technology (IRTA), SpainAnna NadalUniversity of Girona, Spain Marina Melé-MesseguerConsultantMaria PlaUniversity of Girona, SpainGemma Capellades and Joan SerraFundació Mas Badia (FMB)Joaquima MesseguerIRTA, Spain Coexistence of GM and conventional maize in locations where the two types…