Yields, Insecticide Productivity, and Bt Corn: Evidence from Damage Abatement Models in the Philippines

Yields, Insecticide Productivity, and Bt Corn: Evidence from Damage Abatement Models in the Philippines

Maria Erlinda MutucTexas Tech UniversityRoderick M. RejesusNorth Carolina State UniversityJose M. Yorobe, Jr.University of the Philippines at Los Baños This article provides evidence on the effects of Bt corn on yield and insecticide productivity in the Philippines using a damage abatement framework…

Variety Market Development: A Bt Cotton Cropping Factor and Constraint in China

Variety Market Development: A Bt Cotton Cropping Factor and Constraint in China

Michel FokCIRAD UR SCA, FranceNaiyin XuJiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Research Institute of Industrial Crops, China In China, Bt-cotton varieties have been marketed since 1997 to help control attacks of some cotton pests, notably Helicoverpa armigera. It is estimated that Bt-cotton…

Risk of Regulation or Regulation of Risk? A De Minimus Framework for Genetically Modified Crops

Risk of Regulation or Regulation of Risk? A De Minimus Framework for Genetically Modified Crops

Tim DurhamFlorida Gulf Coast UniversityJohn DoucetNicholls State UniversityLori Unruh SnyderPurdue University The precautionary principle places an impractical onus on science to demonstrate the absolute safety of genetically-modified (GM) crops. Conversely, traditionally bred articles receive little, if any, regulatory attention. Procedurally, GM certainly…

Identified Gaps in Biosafety Knowledge and Expertise in Sub-Saharan Africa

Identified Gaps in Biosafety Knowledge and Expertise in Sub-Saharan Africa

Dennis N. Obonyo, Lilian M. Nfor, and Sylvia UzochukwuInternational Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Cape Town, South AfricaMarianela Araya-Quesada, Francesca Farolfi, Decio Ripandelli, and Wendy CraigICGEB, Trieste, Italy Adoption of genetically modified (GM) crops has the potential to contribute toward…

The Prospects for Acceptance of Animal Cloning in the European Food Chain: Early Insights from an Irish Sentinel Group

The Prospects for Acceptance of Animal Cloning in the European Food Chain: Early Insights from an Irish Sentinel Group

Cathal Murphy and Maeve HenchionAshtown Food Research Centre, DublinMary McCarthyUniversity College, CorkGwilym A. WilliamsDublin Institute of Technology European stakeholders will soon face a decision regarding the acceptability of livestock cloning. Commercial exploitation of cloning for food purposes within the European Union will…

The Future of Governance in the Global Bioeconomy: Policy, Regulation, and Investment Challenges for the Biotechnology and Bioenergy Sectors

The Future of Governance in the Global Bioeconomy: Policy, Regulation, and Investment Challenges for the Biotechnology and Bioenergy Sectors

Justus WesselerTechnische Universität MünchenDavid J. SpielmanInternational Food Policy Research InstituteMatty DemontAfrica Rice Center Today more than ever, the global bioeconomy is the subject of focused attention from public policymakers, corporate decision makers, researchers in the social and biophysical sciences, and the general…

Policy Gridlock or Future Change? The Political Economy Dynamics of EU Biotechnology Regulation

Policy Gridlock or Future Change? The Political Economy Dynamics of EU Biotechnology Regulation

Johan F.M. Swinnen and Thijs VandemoorteleLICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance & Department of Economics, University of Leuven (K.U. Leuven) There are major differences in biotechnology regulation among various countries and in particular between the European Union and the United States….

Price Controls and Biotechnology Innovation: Are State Government Policies Reducing Research and Innovation by the Ag Biotech Industry in India?

Price Controls and Biotechnology Innovation: Are State Government Policies Reducing Research and Innovation by the Ag Biotech Industry in India?

Carl E. Pray and Latha NagarajanRutgers University In 2006, the governments of major cotton-producing states in India ordered all seed companies to lower their prices of Bt cotton seed to Rs. 750 per packet of seed, down from Rs. 1,600 per packet….

Poverty Impacts of Improved Agricultural Productivity: Opportunities for Genetically Modified Crops

Poverty Impacts of Improved Agricultural Productivity: Opportunities for Genetically Modified Crops

Maros Ivanic and Will MartinThe World Bank Constraints on land and water resources, growth in population, and an apparent slowdown in agricultural productivity raise concerns that food prices may rise substantially in the coming decades. A key question is whether policies aimed…

Developments in Agricultural Biotechnology in Sub-Saharan Africa

Developments in Agricultural Biotechnology in Sub-Saharan Africa

Jennifer A. Thomson and Dionne N. ShepherdUniversity of Cape TownHodeba D. MignounaAfrican Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF) A number of crops with a variety of traits are being developed by public-private partnerships in sub-Saharan Africa. These include maize that is resistant to the…