University of California
The traditional research paradigm represents discoveries flowing linearly from basic science conducted in public institutions to applied research and commercialization undertaken largely by private industry. This characterization fails to accurately portray the nonlinear and chaotic nature of research and development (R&D;) processes. Recent United States (US) legislation aimed to promote economic growth through supporting research acknowledges the “blurring of lines” between public and private research activities. Moreover, incentive alignments have recently emerged between public and private interests in life science R&D.; In this context, the Berkeley/Novartis strategic alliance is shown to be a collaborative public/private relationship that is sourced in such incentive alignments. It is also argued that this alliance is consistent with the fundamental complementary relationships that formed some of the principles structuring the original foundation for Land Grant universities.
Key words: Bayh-Dole Act; research alliance; Land Grant university; technology transfer; licensing; basic research; knowledge generation.