Fakhri Alajeeli Department of Medical Laboratories Technology, Al-Hadi University College, Baghdad, 10011, Iraq
Email: dr.fakhri.alajeeli@huc.edu.iq
Amenah Muayad Abdullah College of education/ Al-Farahidi University, Baghdad , Iraq
Email: zubair.1300@yahoo.com
Hussein Humedy Chlib Alkaaby Department of Medical Laboratories Technology, Al-Manara College For Medical Sciences/ (Maysan)/Iraq
Email: usseinhumedy@uomanara.edu.iq
Ali Afrawi Fahad Department of Education/ Mazaya university college /Iraq
Email: aliafrawi@hotmail.com
Ghaleb Yassin Farhan Matalak college of education/ Al-Kitab University/ Iraq
Email: ghalib.yaseen@uoalkitab.edu.iq
Abas O. Hadi Department of Optics, College of Health & Medical Technology, Sawa University, Almuthana, Iraq
Email: abbas.omran.a@sawa-un.edu.iq
Akhlas Na'ama khudair Medical laboratory technology/ Ashur University College/Baghdad/ Iraq
Email: akhlas.n.k@au.edu.iq
Ahmed Razzaq Al-Adday Department of Computer Technical Engineering, Technical Engineering College, Al-Ayen University, Thi-Qar, Iraq
Email: aladday@alayen.edu.iq
Shaymaa Abdulhameed Khudair Department of Medical Laboratories Technology, AL-Nisour University College/ Baghdad/ Iraq
Email: shaymaa.h.path@nuc.edu.iq
Ahmed Ayad Abdo Al-qader College of Pharmacy/ National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, Iraq
Email: ahmed.ayad@nust.edu.iq


This research focuses on examining the impact of climate change on agricultural productivity (AP) in Iraq, considering factors such as CO2 emissions (EQ), average rainfall (RAIN), temperature (TEMP), arable area (AA), energy consumption (EC), and agricultural employment (EA). GDP per capita (GDPC) and urbanization (UP) are also studied as control variables. The study employs quantitative secondary research using time series data from 2000 to 2021 and utilizes ordinary least squares to analyze the data collected from the World Development Indicators. EA has a positive but insignificant influence on agricultural productivity, while EC and its lagged value show negative and insignificant impacts. Conversely, the present value of EQ negatively impacts AP, while lagged value has a positive impact on AP. Both results are significant. Additionally, RAIN, REA, and AA are found to have positive impacts on AP, with RAIN and AA showing significance. GDPC, UP, and temperature exhibit insignificant impacts on AP. The study contributes to understanding the complex relationship between climate change and agricultural productivity in Iraq.

Keywords:Agricultural productivity, Climate Change, Carbon emissions, Rainfall, Ira.