Irwan Shah Zainal Abidin School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Email: irwanshah@uum.edu.my
Muhammad Haseeb Taylors Business School (TBS), Taylors University Malaysia
Email: scholar_economist@yahoo.co.uk
Rabiul Islam School of International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Email: rabiul@uum.edu.my
Lee Wen Chiat Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) Sarawak Branch
Email: wenchiat@uitm.edu.my

Abstract:

Recently, rice production has gained significant attention due to increasing requirements and rural infrastructure, labour, and capital investment have been considered the significant factors for rice production that need researchers' attention. Hence, the present article examines the impact of rural infrastructure, labour and capital investment on rice production in Malaysia. The current study has extracted secondary data related to crop production from the Department of Agriculture, extension census of agriculture state series, yearly report ministry of Malaysia and department of statistics at state levels. In addition, data for rural infrastructure, labour and capital investment has been collected from the Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM) and the World Bank. The current study has applied the Augmented Dickey-Fuller Test (ADF) to examine the unit root and autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL) to test the association among the variables. The findings indicated a positive correlation between rural infrastructure, labour, capital investment and rice output in Malaysia.

 

Keywords:Rural Infrastructure, Labour and Capital investment, Rice Production