Stuart Smyth
Ph.D. Candidate, Biotechnology, University of Saskatchewan
Peter W.B. Phillips
Professor of Agricultural Economics, NSERC/SSHRC Chair in Managing Knowledge-based Agri-food Development, University of Saskatchewan

Numerous terminologies exist to describe product differentiation systems. The leading terms are identity preservation, segregation, and traceability. Frequently, the terminology surrounding these distinct systems is used interchangeably. This creates confusion within the agrifood industry. This paper offers working definitions and a practical taxonomy for identity preservation, segregation, and traceability.

Key words: Identity preserved production and marketing, IPPM, segregation, supply chain management, traceability.