United States Food and Drug Administration
This paper discusses the problem of making decisions based on science, without taking into consideration societal values. Science is value-neutral which is problematic if it is used as a sole guide to decision-making, as is the case in the United States’ regulation of genetically modified foods (GMFs). In order to resolve political conflicts that may arise from technologies that involve conflicting values, it is argued that interested stakeholders must come together, discuss the issues, and find common ground.
Key words: Decision-making; values; society; complexity; scientific uncertainty.