Matthew A. Schnurr
Dalhousie University, Canada
Lincoln Addison
Memorial University of Newfoundland

Which farmers are most likely to adopt genetically modified (GM) versions of African carbohydrate staples (also known as orphan crops)? This study investigates the variables that determine attitudes and intentions to adopt matooke banana in Uganda. Participatory ranking exercises undertaken with 167 randomly selected farmers and focus groups consisting of an additional 94 farmers suggest that attitudes and potential patterns of adoption will vary significantly according to region, farm size, membership in a farmer’s association, previous experience with improved varieties and visits from extension workers. This research underscores the potential differentiated impacts of the commercialization of GM crops among African farmers.

Key words: Africa, farmer adoption genetic modification, matooke banana, orphan crops, Uganda.