Voluntary Labeling Of Foodstuffs Derived From Modern Biotechnology

Voluntary Labeling Of Foodstuffs Derived From Modern Biotechnology

Mari StullGrocery Manufacturers of America, Inc. Grocery Manufacturers of America (GMA) contends that foods enhanced through biotechnology with recombinant DNA or rDNA-derived traits should not be labeled differently from other foods; however, it supports voluntary labeling when truthful and not misleading. This…

What Lies Behind The GM Label On UK Foods

What Lies Behind The GM Label On UK Foods

Janet NunnBritish Retail Consortium This paper delineates the identity preservation strategy being implemented by the British Retail Consortium and the Food and Drink Federation towards genetically modified foods. The strategy is in direct response to British consumer concerns about genetically modified foods…

The Precautionary Principle—An Impossible Burden Of Proof For New Products

The Precautionary Principle—An Impossible Burden Of Proof For New Products

John N. HathcockCouncil for Responsible Nutrition The precautionary principle originated in environmental risk management to provide regulatory authority to stop specific environmental contaminations without waiting for conclusive evidence of harm to the environment (i.e., while there was still “uncertainty” about the evidence)….

GM Food Labeling And The Role Of The Codex

GM Food Labeling And The Role Of The Codex

Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes and Peter W.B. PhillipsUniversity of Missouri & University of Saskatchewan, Canada In 1962, the Codex Alimentarius Commission (or Codex) was formed under the joint sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Its charge…

Consumer Willingness-To-Pay For GM Food Products In Italy

Consumer Willingness-To-Pay For GM Food Products In Italy

Stefano Boccaletti and Daniele MoroUniversità Cattolica, Piacenza, Italy This paper evaluates consumer willingness-to-pay (WTP) for food products obtained through the application of biotechnology using data collected from a consumer survey in Italy in 1999. Survey results show that consumers have a low…

US Regulation Of Agricultural Biotechnology: An Overview

US Regulation Of Agricultural Biotechnology: An Overview

Neil A. BelsonAttorney at Law Three federal agencies—the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA)—share primary responsibility for regulating biotechnology in the United States. This article describes each agency’s role as it relates…

The Codex Alimentarius Commission: International Science-Based Standards, Guidelines, And Recommendations

The Codex Alimentarius Commission: International Science-Based Standards, Guidelines, And Recommendations

John R. LupienUniversity of Massachusetts This paper provides background to the Codex Alimentarius Commission, its activities, and current Codex considerations. It argues that food standards work, and the control of food quality and safety must be based on the best available scientific…

The Process Of Developing Labeling Standards For GM Foods In The Codex Alimentarius

The Process Of Developing Labeling Standards For GM Foods In The Codex Alimentarius

Anne A. MacKenzieCanadian Food Inspection Agency The Codex Committee on Food Labeling (CCFL) is currently considering the issue of genetically modified (GM) food labeling in an effort to develop guidelines for international harmonization. This paper provides a summary of the CCFL’s seven-year…

The Labeling Of GM Foods—The Link Between Codex And The WTO

The Labeling Of GM Foods—The Link Between Codex And The WTO

Don BuckinghamUniversity of Ottawa, Canada This paper briefly describes the history and operation of Codex; its involvement in matters affecting trade in products of biotechnology; the fit of its standards in the WTO framework; and concludes with the challenges that lie ahead,…