Man-Keun Kim and Thomas R. Harris
University of Nevada-Reno
Slavica Vusovic

Department of Motor Vehicles, State of Nevada

This article attempts to identify the factors affecting location of biotechnology firms in the United States. To achieve this goal, the regional efficiency in the biotech industry is measured using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). We investigate the causal structure of the regional biotech industry performance and a set of other locational variables using the Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG). Clustering the biotech industry directly enhances the regional industry efficiency, and the high-tech infrastructure and regional income directly affect the clustering the biotech industry.

Key words: biotechnology, causality, cluster, data envelope analysis, directed acyclic graph.