David J. Spielman
International Food Policy Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Joel I. Cohen
Science, Technology and Education Associates, Potomac, MD.
Patricia Zambrano
International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.

Findings from two studies on agricultural research indicate that although developing countries invest in agricultural biotechnology and genetically modified crop research, their policy and investment environments inhibit the contribution of such research to agricultural development and poverty reduction. Findings suggest that valuable private-sector resources are not being brought to bear on the development challenge, thus slowing the pace of innovation. For such research to benefit developing countries, greater effort is needed to enhance the international exchange of safety and efficacy information, remove the isolation of public research institutions, and overcome barriers to public-private research collaboration.

Key words: Agricultural research and development, biosafety regulation, public-private partnership.