Jeffrey Hyde, Marshall A. Martin, Paul V. Preckel, Craig L. Dobbins, and C. Richard Edwards
Purdue University

Farmers who plant Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn are obligated to plant a 20% non-Bt corn refuge as part of an Insect Resistance Management program. This paper analyzes the economics of alternative refuge configurations. Ignoring potential genetically modified organism (GMO) separation requirements, planting strips is the least cost method of meeting the 20% refuge requirement.

Key words: Bt corn; European corn borer (ECB); Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner); refuge; Insect Resistance Management (IRM); budget analysis.